Exodus logo


Exodus is one of the first thrash metal bands to come out of the bay area,
formed  in 1980 in San Francisco, California, by Kirk Hammett, Tom Hunting, Paul  
Baloff, Jeff Andrews, and Gary Holt.
They were cited as major influence by pretty much every thrash band. Known for  
their aggressive brand of thrash, as opposed to the more melodic, NWOBHM rooted  
thrash sound of the likes of Metallica, and equally aggressive live shows.
At their prime (83-86) they were known as ‘Kings of the Bay (area)’, with 
practically no band daring to headline over them at the bay area.
After several personnel changes, Exodus split in 1993. The band reformed from  
1997-1998 with new bassist Jack    Gibson. The band reformed a second time in   

In 1983, founding member Kirk Hammett left to join Metallica and was replaced by  
Rick Hunolt and Rob McKillop replaced Andrews on bass. This lineup released the 
classic title Bonded by Blood (1985) cited as an influence on up-and-coming bands 
of the era.

Shortly before the release of Pleasures of the Flesh (1987), Paul Baloff left and 
was replaced by Steve “Zetro” Souza, who also sang for Legacy, which developed 
into Testament.
The line-up remained stable for the next few albums, but the band never garnered 
the success of their peers, such as Metallica and Megadeth. After two fairly 
heavy releases (Fabulous Disaster and Impact is Imminent), the band released 
their first live effort, Good Friendly Violent Fun.
After its release, the band toured off and on for a year and released another  
studio album, Force of Habit. This was quite a departure for the band, containing
several slower, heavier songs with less emphasis on the speed/thrash basis of 
their older material. A prime example of this is the 10-minute-plus opus 
“Architect of Pain” - probably the slowest song Exodus ever recorded.
After a few quiet years when heavy metal itself was going through many changes, 
Exodus released only another live effort, Another Lesson in Violence featuring 
the return of vocalist Paul Baloff. Exodus disintegrated again, partly due to a
falling out with record label Century Media over the way the live album was 
promoted, and over an aborted attempt at a live concert video which was filmed 
but never released due to a financial dispute.

In 2001, Exodus reformed again, initially to play the Chuck Billy benefit, the 
Thrash of the Titans mega concert. There was talk of recording a new studio album 
and the band continued to play local gigs in and around the San Francisco Bay 

On february 2002 Paul Baloff suffered a seizure/stroke leaving him physically but
not mentally dead. his family wishing his peace decided to pull the plug. Former
vocalist Steve Souza was recruited back into the band to finish the rest of their
concert commitments.
Although it appeared to outsiders that with Baloff’s death Exodus would cease to
exist, guitarist Gary Holt was determined to release a new studio record.

The result was 2004’s Tempo of the Damned released on Nuclear Blast Records. An  
oddity of the recording sessions was that one track, “Crime Of The Century”, was 
dropped under mysterious circumstances. The song chronicled Exodus’ time under 
Century Media (of which Nuclear Blast is a subsidiary). Although it was publicly 
denied, rumors swirled that Century Media forced the song off the record. “Crime” 
was replaced with “Impaler”; a song written back when Kirk Hammett was still in 
the band, and which was featured on the Another Lesson In Violence live record.

In 2005, Hunolt decided to leave the band to concentrate on his family life, 
although Holt claims it was because of his supposed meth addiction. He was 
replaced by Heathen guitarist Lee Altus. Tom Hunting also left, citing medical 
problems, and was replaced by Paul Bostaph, formerly of Forbidden, Slayer and 
Testament, among others. Souza also left under disputed terms in 2005, and was 
replaced by Steev Squivel (ex-Defiance and Skinlab), and then Rob Dukes, whose 
first recorded performance for the band is 2005’s Shovel Headed Kill Machine.

Line Up:Edit

Rob Dukes - vocals
Gary Holt - guitars
Jack Gibson - bass
Tom Hunting - drums
Lee Atlus - guitars


Bonded by Blood (1985)
Pleasures of the Flesh (1987)
Fabulous Disaster (1988)
Impact is Imminent (1990)
Force of Habit (1992)
Tempo of the Damned (2004)
Shovel Headed Kill Machine (2005)
The Atrocity Exhibition...Exhibit A (2007)
Exhibit B: the Human Condition (2010)



Exodus - Downfall (video)
Exodus - Throwing Down (video)
Exodus - War is my Shepard (video)

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